Lessons Learned Selling My Photography at Art Festivals

Lessons Learned Selling My Photography at Art Festivals

After a decade of selling my work at art festivals, I've discovered that beyond the money that I've earned, I've also gotten some valuable lessons both for my career and for my life.

This article is mainly intended for anyone interested in pursuing showing their work at festivals. I hope my experiences and insights will prove useful.

Realize That It’s a Business

I remember being in an art festival in Aspen, Colorado a few years ago. As I was setting up my booth and getting ready for the weekend, a man walked up to me and started asking some questions, things like how much money I expected to make and how long the festival went on. I later wished I had spent time answering more fully because I had the distinct feeling that the source of his questions was the illusion that artists at art festivals are there to make a killing and this was easy money. Of course, nothing could be further from the truth. And while I've had some pretty lucrative art festivals, I've also had my share of duds, which this particular festival, unfortunately, proved to be. But being amid setting up my festival booth in the hot July sun, I didn't bother to fill him in on the reality — that at the end of the day, or the weekend, this endeavor is a whole lot more than just putting a tent up in a park and seeing what happens.

For instance, I might have started by letting him know that before I made any profits, there were, of course, some expenses to be paid. First among these is the booth fee for renting that 10-by-10 patch of turf in the park, which, in this case, was $500.

Additionally, this was an out-of-town show for me in a more affluent part of the state, so my food and lodging costs were quite a bit higher than usual. Then, there were the costs of gas and maintenance for my SUV I use to haul my utility trailer full of prints and a display booth over a mountain pass to this location.

With all of this added up, I couldn't count on even starting to be in the black until after the first $1,000 had been made. And not a dime of that $1,000 is guaranteed. In fact, at this particular festival, I did poorly and did not make back all my money, so the whole experience ended up being a somewhat expensive hardworking vacation in one of the nicer areas of the state.

Oh, yeah, and that display booth and walls I was setting up? Over $2,000 invested in all of that.

Doing art festivals has helped me realize that selling my art in any meaningful way is a business. Before doing my first one, I created my business as an LLC, got insurance, and then started paying sales taxes. Before that point, I had just been somebody messing around with it and occasionally selling some work at a coffee shop or small gallery show, but now, I was an LLC.

An early version of my festival booth

Get To Know Who Your Customer Is

This one has been very valuable for my business. Standing at my booth at an art festival for two or three days solid and chatting with people has been a great way to find out which images resonate the most and why. Getting this first-hand experience has helped me narrow down what to offer, and it's helped me hone my marketing efforts because I know a little bit about who my best customers tend to be, such as what age group they are in, what some other interests may be, where they live, etc. You can never know with certainty who's going to buy your work and who is not, but it's great to have a starting point.

Build an Email List

This is another upside on the business marketing end of things. Over time, I've built up a list of people who enjoy my work and enjoy seeing new images and hearing about travels that I've taken or what festivals I may be coming to next. Having a good email list is the backbone of any art business, and doing festivals is something that helped to get it off the ground for me.

Another benefit to building an email list is sometimes, if the print sales just aren't there, I can at least walk away knowing that I've added several people to my email list and my fan base. That is one of those things that can pay dividends in the future.

Not All Shows Are Created Equal

Like I said before, this particular festival was a dud for me, meaning a small number of sales that were not nearly enough to offset expenses. But the next one was much better. I’ve found through the years that it’s a balancing act. I try to find shows where art patrons are willing and able to spend some money, and yet, I don’t have to spend an arm and a leg just to be there.

I've done shows that look on paper like they should be fabulous, like that one in Aspen, and have come away with not much to show for it. I've done others that were much smaller and in less ritzy areas and have done great, especially measured against the fact that I had lower expenses to meet to make a profit. For me, a small, well-run show with only a few other photographers in it will almost always be better than a big, well-known show with more landscape photographers than you can shake a stick at.

Don’t Be Afraid of Competition

One thing I learned early on, especially when trying to get into the more lucrative shows, was that there are a lot of talented photographers out there. A lot. It was easy to see some of the other photographers at shows, some of whom had great big double-booths with huge prints and feel a bit intimidated. Over time, I've just come to accept that this is just a reality of doing this type of work. I also try to learn what I can from people who might be further along than me and trust that if my work is different enough from theirs, I will find my market.

Finding Your Style Is Crucial

That leads to the next point. It's so important to find your style. That's what will help you find a market for your photography and let you stand out from the competition. Just like the virtual world, the in-person art show world is full of really good work. Developing a style of your own is critical to standing out. This is one that I'm still learning and is probably a lifelong lesson.

The first image I sold at my first show

Don’t Waste Time Comparing Yourself to Others

This ties in directly with the last point. It is easy when chatting with other artists to feel discouraged when they are having a great show and I am not. It’s a mental trap I have fallen into many times, and it’s never fun. But when I'm able to take the mindset that the only person that I'm competing with is myself, then what other people are doing becomes far less important. And I've also learned that everyone, at least from time to time, has a show where everything just clicks for them and it seems like all of their best customers are there. Conversely, we all have had shows where it just seems like nothing is going right and nothing is selling. “This too shall pass” has been a good phrase to remember.

Eliminate Negative Self-talk

I don't know how many shows I've done where, somewhere along the line, often on a Sunday afternoon where I haven't made much money to that point, I'll hear my internal negative dialogue startup. Things like "what are you doing this for," "you should just sell off everything and stop doing this stupid activity," or "other people are so much better at it than you are, and you will never be good enough to make anything." This is just a sampling of the type of things that may run through my head. But I've learned that my fortunes can change in an instant. I can't count the number of times that soon after this negative dialogue in my head starts up, somebody walks up and buys a large piece, suddenly putting me in the black for the show. And even though this has happened a number of times, it's still hard not to let me get down in the dumps and start developing a crappy attitude. But I'm learning that all it takes is one person at the right time to turn things around. So, why bother with the negative self-talk?

A pause in-between customers

Collaborate With Others

This has been a really valuable one for me both in doing art festivals and in my photography career in general. I think when I started, I was much more likely to view other photographers with a bit of disdain. But over time, I've learned that they are kindred spirits in a way. Not everyone spends a bunch of their free time out photographing landscapes, and even fewer people then take that work and set it up at art shows to try to sell it. There's a certain camaraderie there naturally, and several other photographers that I've met doing shows have become friends. I've learned a lot from some of them.

Another plus side to collaborating with other artists, regardless of the medium is that I've learned about which shows to apply for and conversely, which ones to avoid. Other artists who do festivals in a much more full-time way than I do often have valuable insights in this regard.

So, there you have it. These are just some of the things that I've bumped up against and learned as I've endeavored to sell my work directly to the public at art shows. If you are somebody just starting or considering just starting out doing this type of thing, I hope this insight is valuable or at least provides some reality check before you dive in.

Casey Chinn's picture

Casey Chinn is a landscape photographer based in Colorado Springs, CO. He leads workshops geared at helping beginning photographers understand the medium, and helping more experienced photographers develop their potential. He also teaches various photography classes at Pikes Peak Community College.

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My sister has been a successful potter for 25 years. She mostly sells her work in galleries or through word of mouth but some years ago she got into art and craft festivals, especially in the fall as the holidays come closer. And she has told me just about all the things you mention. Some festivals are great and you make a lot of money, but probably there are more where you barely break even or go in the whole. But I know for my sister she enjoys the personal interaction and she figures most of the ones she attends are on a weekend when she isn't doing too much else.

I've been contemplating doing this for a few months now. Only main question I've got for now has to do with stock. When doing these, is it best to come with several of the same prints from each display piece or just one for display and have the print made and sent to the customer? The way I'm seeing it is from both sides. One, you've got prints that the customer can take with them that day, but deal with more space constraints on transporting. Or do you go the display route to lighten up on amount of product being transported and offer (in my mind) a more personal purchasing experience by having it specially printed and shipped to them? Am I thinking too much or is this a valid thing to ponder?

Also, is there an app or program you use to track sales that you'd recommend?

I have had the same question. On top of having to transport additional prints, one could easily end up with with thousands in sunk cost for product that may or may not sell.

Justin and Dan, I mostly do the display/take orders model of business. That way I don't have to carry around so much inventory. Every once in a while there is the inevitable customer who has to take it home right there, but generally people are glad to have me ship it to them, especially because I do a lot of shows with tourists who don't want to cart a big piece back home. I just have it drop shipped straight from the lab and I put my signature into the file. Later I send them a card with information about their piece. The only downside of this is it can be hard to create urgency to buy it now. They often walk away with a card thinking they will order it online later and very rarely do.

Thanx.... Needed that!!! Hope to see you at a show in Co sometime... "Foolishly Fun Fhotopagraphy"

I'll look for you.

Very interesting insights. I'd love to sell my work at art shows however since I am currently expat in China that is not an actual possibility ! That said I can take something away from your advice and apply it to other areas. Thanks !

Glad it was useful

I was wondering if you take your time and expenses for the actual photography part into consideration to reflect your actual profit. I am not into landscape, shows or anything in that domain, just a curious person who has seen many displays and wonder how much profit is actually made from this activity. I've seen a guy at Grand Central selling his work for enough that one sale is probably enough for the day, may be a month. My local guys seem to be more like elderlies who enjoy the interaction despite the tiny profit they may make.

If I did figure all of that in it might get depressing. I have to approach it like I'm building up a business where I get to do something that I love and would probably do anyway. It would also be hard to calculate given that I might hopefully sell an image many times over. Every time I sell it I am changing that equation. I do figure in my time spent at festivals and aim for at least a decent return on my time to make it worthwhile. And when I teach workshops there is a much more direct ability to translate time to money.

Okay I can see that, makes sense. I guess if someone really wanted to know they would have to look at the whole thing over a period like 5 years to figure it out.

Great article.

Like many people, I'd love to do this but the real problem is lugging around, and storing, an inventory of big prints and the setup to display them.

I do a few small-time "church basement" art and craft sales (along with my wife who sells other things). It's not hard because all I bring are 5x7 greeting cards and coasters. Yes coasters! There's no money in these things but they do sell and it's fun to talk to people and find out which images they like.

Selling full size prints at real shows will probably remain a dream.

Glad you liked it. You are probably building the beginnings of doing larger shows if you ever choose to, but if not, as long as you are having fun that's what counts.

I don't sell in shows like this, but I sell in local markets and a couple of galleries. Over time, you find out what the typical buyer at the differing venues is attracted to. I don't ship because my sales are mounted prints. I did have a lovely lady from Dubai purchase three 16X24 prints of local Winnipeg subjects because her kids lived in Winnipeg and she wanted something at home to remind her of them. She had the prints packaged and took them back to Dubai. That couldn't have been cheap, but it's kinda' neat for me to know that there's three of my prints in Dubais. :-)

It's always great to know someone from far away really likes your stuff.

It's really quite humbling. When I started selling prints, I wasn't sure what to expect. One thing I did learn is that selling local is important. Stuff I shot in New Orleans and the surrounding area didn't sell well here in Winnipeg. But once I started printing local scenes and wildlife, sales took off.