Fujifilm is known for many things: great cameras at better prices, gorgeous film simulations, and having a lot of very similar but distinct cameras. Sometimes, it can be overwhelming about what is similar or different between models, so I thought I would put together this resource to break it down so you can be sure to get the best camera for your own personal use.
To start off with, I will only be talking about Fujifilm's APS-C camera's in this article, as there are too few GFX cameras and too many smaller-than-APS-C to be cohesive. Now that we have that out of the way, let's begin.
Fixed Lens Compacts
The X100 series of cameras were Fuji's first foray into their new camera system and the building blocks for everything we have now. The X100 series are rangefinders with fixed lenses and an optical/digital hybrid viewfinder. Aside from the first camera, all of the X100 cameras have Fujifilm's renowned X-Trans APS-C sensors. The X100 series (up until the current X100F) feature no adjustable screen or weather-sealing, but do have a built-in flash.
The XF series replaces Fujifilm's old X70 cameras. Currently on the debut XF10 model, they are super compact versions of the X100 with with no optical viewfinder and a fixed lens, which is wider than the X100, along with a built-in flash.
There are three versions of the X-T series. For this article, I will be referring to them as the X-Tx, X-Txx and X-Txxx to differentiate between the "tiers" of these cameras.
The X-Tx series are Fujifilm's premium SLR-styled body, with the EVF in the center, full weather-sealing, and an adjustable screen. These cameras are positioned to take on the big boys like Sony, Canon, and Nikon. The newest model, the X-T3, debuted Fujifilm's new X-Trans IV sensor with their highest resolution to date.
The X-Txx series are essentially the X-Tx but smaller, without weather-sealing, and much cheaper. The X-Txx series also includes a built-in flash. Spec-wise, the X-Tx and the X-Txx are functionally identical. Currently, Fujifilm has released the X-T20, but there are rumors of an X-T30 in the new year.
Currently, we only have the X-T100, which is a consumer-oriented camera without the famed X-Trans sensor; however, the engineers at Fujifilm still have given this camera the beloved film simulations, and it is currently the only camera in the Fujifilm X-T line-up that has a fully rotatable screen, perfect for vlogging. This camera is also not weather-sealed.
While we currently only have the X-H1, there is no reason to believe Fuji will not also release the X-H2 in the coming years. These cameras are similar to the X-Tx series in that they are SLR styled with an adjustable screen and weather-sealing, but they also add in-body image stabilization and a top LCD along with a big, deep camera grip. Geared for filmmakers, the X-H series is the best of both worlds.
Rangefinder Style ILCs
The X-Pro series of cameras are where Fuji first introduced their X-Trans Sensor, a special color filter array believed to give better sharpness and color fidelity. Currently in the second iteration, the X-Pro2 is a rangefinder, similar to the X100; however, with their new Fuji X-Mount, they laid claim that they were here for the long haul. While the X-Pro line does have full weather-sealing, neither the X-Pro 1 or the X-Pro 2 have adjustable screens.
The X-E series is a set of cameras that are rangefinder styled, though they lack an optical viewfinder, they are compact, and lack weather-sealing, but have a pop-up flash. The current model, the X-E3, is a favorite second camera for many Fuji shooters due to the compact size. Think of the X-E series as a stripped down X-Pro series, the way the X-Txx series is a stripped down X-Tx series.
The X-A series of camera's were Fujifilm's first foray into truly consumer bodies. They have bayer sensors, similar to the X-Txxx cameras, as well as fully rotatable screens. The X-A series of cameras do not have any sort of EVF or weather-sealing, but do have a pop-up flash. These camera's seem to be updated the fastest from Fuji, with the currently model already on the X-A5.
Now, this ia a lot to take in, so I've made a simple diagram to show what every camera does and does not have. There is currently no perfect camera from Fujifilm, but each camera has its own niche, and hopefully, this article has helped sort things out for you readers.