Best Camera Gear Setup for Travel Photography

Best Camera Gear Setup for Travel Photography

While a quick trip to do some shooting in the city might involve little more than throwing a body or two in a duffel bag and heading out — an odd overlap with your average serial killer’s check list — heading off somewhere exotic can require a bit more planning. What else should you throw in the bag?

The Short and Skinny of It

Whether you're off to Africa for a month or headed to a national park for the weekend, the gear you pack can have a significant impact on the type of images you can make and the stories you can tell. After a few years of more missed shots and underwhelming images than I'd like to admit while traveling, we’ve started to hone in on a collection of camera gear that works well for us in the field. Let’s take a quick look at what makes it into the camera bag on nearly any big trip these days, then discuss in a little more detail why it’s that stuff, specifically, that makes the cut:

  • Three lenses: a super telephoto (500+ mm), a super wide-angle zoom (14-24mm), and a standard zoom (24-70mm)
  • Two camera bodies
  • Batteries: one for each body, plus 2-3 extra and at least two chargers
  • Small laptop with Lightroom (or similar) installed
  • Two external hard drives
  • Tripod
  • Camera backpack
  • Accessories: memory cards, lens/sensor cleaner, polarizer, lots of cables, travel adapter
  • Insurance (technically not in the bag, but definitely want some of that)

Seems straightforward enough, but it took us a few years to arrive at this configuration. There are devils in those details!

Getting Up Close and Personal

Galapagos Sea Lion. Isla Fernandina, Galapagos.

Camera bodies just record things. Lenses, on the other hand, determine what we can see. The lenses we travel with shape the experiences we will have and the stories we'll be able to tell.

Me, I am not a city person. If I’m spending the time and energy to travel somewhere, it’s almost always in search of the natural world and its inhabitants. The first lens I usually think about, then, is something to help us appreciate the wildlife. My inclination is nearly always to grab the longest lens we can manage. I’ve yet to run into too long. That said, too big can start to have some unintended side effects. Seven pounds is about the max I’m willing to handhold (and that’s not fun over the course of a day). Any bigger than that and I know I’m going to be going literally everywhere with a tripod.

Nikon’s Phase Fresnel (PF) and Canon’s Diffractive Optics (DO) lenses can be excellent options for the travel photographer wanting to lengthen their reach without adding on pounds. You can check out a recent review of Nikon’s 500mm f/5.6 PF. That lens, or something similar, will probably be on every trip with us for the foreseeable future. The combination of image quality and size is essentially unbeatable. And don’t forget that renting is always an option if you don’t want to be saddled with a pricey telephoto longer term.

Story Telling

Next, we need a good story-telling lens or two. On one of our first big trips, we took only a single camera body. Since we wanted to get lots of bird pictures, that body almost always had a 300mm lens on it. Anytime we took the telephoto off, a new bird would fly past, so we’d race to put the telephoto back on. When we got home, we realized that only 20% of the images we’d taken were on anything shorter than 300mm. Yet, when it came time to decide what to put in the portfolio or show our friends, 80% of those shots were taken with a 24-70mm equivalent. The take-home message was that it was challenging to tell a good story about the amazing places we'd visited when limited to roughly the field-of-view of a very long toilet paper tube.

Don't you just love Colorado this time of the year? The wide-open spaces, the blue sky that stretches from horizon to horizon, the bees buzzing about in the flowers at your feet…

After that trip, we became far more determined not to let a good storytelling lens or two be an afterthought. We now travel with both a 15-30mm and a 24-70mm (and both of much better quality than that early lens). It turns out the super wide-angle is particularly good when you wake in the middle of the night to the sound of hippos munching in the grass a few meters from your tent platform, then notice that there are about two billion stars draped overhead. Definitely worth a shot. And the 24-70mm is just about perfect to keep by your camp chair — next to a nice glass of wine, of course — while the sun sets and roos wander out of the forest; you know, just in case something worth snapping a photo of appears. It’s not bad for street shooting either, if you’re so inclined.

Sunset in Grampians National Park, Victoria, Australia, as viewed with a 24-70mm and definitely not with a 300mm or 500mm.

Lastly, we typically throw a 70-200mm into our bag of kit as well. It probably sees the least use for the type of shooting we do, but at f/2.8, it can create buttery portraits of the people we meet on our travels.

Buganda child. Lugogo Swamp, Uganda.

The Right Gear at the Right Moment

It's not enough to have the right lens. It has to actually be on the camera when you need it. Two camera bodies now go with us on every trip. It’s incredibly useful from the perspective of having multiple lenses always at the ready. You’ve also got a backup, then, in case a body fails along the way. Further, it means you don’t have to change lenses frequently, which is a doubly good thing in places where it’s frequently dusty or the humidity is high (that is, all the fun places).

We’ve settled over time on two high-resolution, full-frame bodies for the image quality and flexibility they offer, but that’s personal taste. Crop-frame- or micro-four-thirds-based bodies can save a good bit of space and weight, allowing that savings to be spent in other places. Think a bit beforehand, however, about what role each body is supposed to play. We took a full-frame paired with a crop-frame on one trip. The crop frame, we thought, would be ideal for shooting wildlife, but it turned out the autofocus system wasn’t nearly as good as on the full frame. Swapping lenses, though, put the wide angle on the smaller sensor, leaving us with a crop factor that took a huge chunk out of any landscape or contextual shots. Live and learn.

Lastly, don’t forget the tripod. Even if you’re not lugging around a 10-pound lens, magic things can happen when you immerse yourself in the world that will make you glad you’ve got one. When we camped on a remote bend in the Buffalo River one afternoon, we had no idea that an amazing light show would take place later that evening. As fireflies began dancing about the cove, I was able to just plop my camp chair down in a shallow bit of the river and settle in for the show. And because I had a tripod with me, I can share the show with you.

Fireflies wink at one another over a wide bend in the Buffalo river, deep in the Ozark Mountains.

Making Sure Those Great Stories Make It Home

Now that we’ve set ourselves up to get lots of great images, we want to make sure they make it home with us.

Memory Cards

Take a few of them. SD cards are so cheap you can use them as a third backup. Just stash them away for safe keeping when they fill up and insert another card. We usually end up using 128 GB cards rather than something smaller. They’re slightly riskier in the sense that if one fails, we’ll lose more images, but also less likely to get lost while switching them out in a teetering boat or on some jungle trail in the rain.

XQD memory cards, on the other hand, aren’t so cheap. The XQD card gets erased every evening and reused after I’ve verified that I’ve got two hard drive backups of the day’s take. I do have a second backup XQD card stashed away just in case the primary fails since they're not so easy to come by in the bush. Hope for the best. Plan for the worst.

“I don’t know, it just doesn’t seem to be holding air very well. Can you check it for leaks — just to humor me — and throw a patch on it if you find anything?” Outjo, Namibia.


For two camera bodies, we have at least five batteries with two separate chargers. We’ve yet to find ourselves without a fresh battery in the field that way. If you’re headed overseas, make sure the chargers will work at both 50 Hz and 60 Hz, and at both 120 V and 220 V. And don’t forget the appropriate travel adapter and small, multi-outlet power strip. Oh, and be prepared to be creative. The travel adapter we took to Namibia didn’t work in most places. It turns out they use two subtly different plug variations. It took a couple of trips to hardware stores to cobble together a three- or four-layer adapter system that eventually got power from the outlet into a form we could plug a laptop or battery charger into.


Back up frequently. Let's just say that places like this don't suffer fools well. Amazon.

A small laptop with Lightroom (or something similar) installed will give you a way to get files off the camera, manage backups, and do a quick quality check each evening. The small laptop we take only has a 64 GB solid-state drive, so we also carry along two external travel hard drives. One is a little more rugged, with a rubber shell and a rating to withstand a sizable drop. The other has a built-in SD card reader and Wi-Fi access so that in the event the laptop fails, we can still backup our photographs (at least those from a camera using SD cards). Both hard drives run off of USB power so don’t require additional cables. They also allow us to do backups using just the laptop battery when power isn't available. Each evening, I use Lightroom to import photos from both cameras onto the primary external drive. I then manually copy the images a second time to the other drive. One of the drives usually stays in camp or at the lodge, the other goes everywhere with me in my day pack.

If you're keeping tally, the number of cables is starting to add up. I’m anal about them when traveling, using a couple of carrying cases to keep them organized. Each case has elastic holders and zippered pouches. Every cable gets stored in the same place each time we repack, that way I know exactly how many elastic holders should have cables in them and how many cables belong in each zippered pouch. It’s easy to tell, then, if something’s missing when I'm packing up, even if it’s 4:30 am in the morning and I haven’t had coffee yet. More than once, it’s been a lifesaver. Forget to repack the laptop power cable three days into a month in the African bush and you’re a bit buggered.

Camera Bag

Of course, now that we’ve got all this crap, we’ve got to have some way to lug it around with us. A good photography-specific backpack can be invaluable. We use the ThinkTank Airport Commuter. It’s got a rugged design with bomb-proof zippers that has stood up to many serious trips around the world at this point. It has room enough to carry all of the above equipment, plus a tripod ball-head, SteriPEN, and a binder with hard copies of all our travel documents.

Note, however, if you're thinking about getting something bigger than this, stop, and seriously, seriously, think about it first. U.S. airlines are very permissive about the size of items they will allow you to carry on. You can basically strap a small car to your back. Once you get to, for example, Africa, however, they will not typically let you take a standard carry-on size roller bag on the plane. The Airport Commuter is big enough to fit a ton of gear, but will still fit under an airline seat. Any bigger and you may be forced to check it. You do not want that.


On that note, just be aware that at least our homeowner’s policy only covers up to $3,000 or so of camera equipment. It’s easy to fit many times that much in even a small camera bag. We have a second, surprisingly cost-effective policy through our insurer that covers all our camera gear anywhere it goes in the world.

Why Bother?

"Last Call" deep in the Ecuadorean Amazon.

Starting to sound like a good bit of kit, eh? Admittedly, I often have no small sense of envy when I see fellow travelers snapping a shot, then slipping a small point-and-shoot back into their shirt pocket. Meanwhile, I'm usually standing there with one camera dangling around my neck and another, a massive DSLR with a long lens, gripped by the tripod mount in my hand.

When we get home, though, and exchange a few photos with folks we’ve met along the way, it’s usually a different story. On a technical level, the little point-and-shoot will always be a bit handicapped when it comes to competing with a full-frame body and massive lens on sharpness, noise, or dynamic range. That’s been borne out time and again in the images we’ve seen from other folks along the road.

Me, I love a technically well-executed image, that finely honed blend of art and science. But whether that’s important to you — whether a little less noise or sharper details will help you tell the story you want to tell — that’s a totally different question! The important thing is to see the world, to have fun doing it, and to share your enthusiasm for it with others in whatever way makes the most sense for you.

Genuinely hope to see you out there! And let me know in the comments what lessons you've learned traveling over the years!

Brent Daniel's picture

I love to travel and explore, to share glimpses of the world and its stories through photography. I live in the foothills above Boulder, CO where I rock climb, paddle, and hike. I have a doctorate in physics and hold down a day job researching solutions to national security challenges.

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Hey Pat, yea, exactly right. Sorry about that. We did end up going with the Tamron. The combination of sharpness comparable to Nikon's 14-24mm with the added bonus of stabilization seemed like the sweet spot. But .... yea, an added millimeter or two (or three or four in the case of Sony's 12-24mm) would be pretty awesome!

Easy to get insurance when you live in the West... almost impossible otherwise. I spend half my time on my permanent travels fretting about losing/breaking gear.

Fine point by you, and one that hadn't crossed my mind.

I see this is directed at professionals. The casual photographer’s version of this article might be called, “The Road to Quick Divorce”. 😜

Ha ha! Yes, there's definitely a balance one needs to achieve, ... and a very supportive spouse doesn't hurt!

Hey Brent, nicely written.

Thanks, Jim. Much appreciated.

I'd include a selection of graduated ND filters and maybe a variable ND filter for the 24-70 at least, and as much of that as I could afford for the 14-24 (which may require an adapter to mount said filters).

Other than that, the list is about as perfect as any I've ever seen. Very good article.

If only the 500mm was as cheap as a toilet paper tube :'( For me, less gear means more images, so I started using two cameras and a few prime lenses. But I love to read about other people's suggestions and your images are proof enough that there is more than one way to achieve something!

Technically, the toilet paper tube is just as good at guiding the eye toward the important bits of an image as the 500mm --- just lacks a bit of the resolution. "Your images are proof enough that there is more than one way to achieve something!" As are yours, man! And it's a great point you make. We all have different shooting styles and may gravitate toward different subjects. What works for one may not be ideal for another. On the other hand, it can be worth paying attention to how other people shoot. We might just find ourselves inspired to see things from a different perspective...

Great article Brent! Thank you for the infomation.

Thanks, Alexander. Glad to be of use occasionally! ;-)

Having just gotten back from my third month long trip to Japan, I think just important as gear is simply shooting conditions. Rain, Wind, Dust, Humidity and just plain dirt. My wife and I travelled to Hokkaido up to the very top to a town called Wakkani. Little known to us it would be driving rain and strong winds, making any photography difficult. Next came the fact we were in Summer where you have 93 degree day with 77 percent humidity. Your soaked in sweat, the camera is slippery in your hands, and taking pictures feels like your in a steam bath. Next is accumulated weight and trust me it adds up in your backpack really quick. So you end up trying to balance weight with practical. I took just one lens this time, RF 28-70mm. Still after lugging around the back pack I found myself using my Samsung Note 9, just because the feel of sweat running down my back was getting old. P.S. Yes the RF lens 3 pounds by itself, so lesson learned. Shirogane Blue pond (picture) taken in Hokkaido Japan.

Amen. We spent a few weeks on the equator recently, some of it on islands, some of it in the Amazon basin. We got to know humidity and drenching, wring-your-boxers-out downpours well. We took two of Nikon's built-like-a-weatherproof-tank bodies and were very glad we had them. Nice shot!

Also, never underestimate the importance of food, water, med kit and a cell. And always let someone know where you are and when you'll be back.

All fantastic pieces of advice. We always carry tons of extra water and food with us. Time and again we've run across people with a broken down car stranded in the Namib or elsewhere. We've given rides, left gallons of water with people, handed over sandwiches and fruit, ... and still had plenty in reserve for us in case we broke down ourselves.

I would also like to add a traditional map and a proper compass (and knowing how to use it) if you are heading into the nature. I find it useful also the city maps, specially for planning the following day.

"Best" is a relative term, not an absolute. What you describe is the best FOR YOU (maybe).

Travel is the reason I went to the Nikon Z7. Coupled with the 14-30 f4 S, 24-70 f4 S, 50mm 1.8 S and 28-300 (hopefully to be replaced with the 70-200 S when it comes out) has given me almost the perfect setup. Next year, I'll add a Z6 for nighttime.

Very nice and useful article indeed!
I totally agree with you when it comes to a tripod. You should ALWAYS bring one with you. Even if you are having a walk with your compact camera, bring a small and cheap tripod in your pocket. I would like to share what I like using when doing travel photo, specially because I'm more budget oriented...
I shoot with a D750 some my choses are also oriented to that particular camera.
Camera body + Tamron 15/30 (or the Samyang 24 1.4 if I want to do some astro) + AF-D 50mm 1.8 + AF-P 70-300 E + Some extension tubes and inverter ring for macro
And for the tripod I really like the Cullman Magnesit Copter

Same as before but adding a mid-range zoom like the 24-120 or the new Tamron 35-150 + Proper travel tripod. If I plan to do macro, replace the extension tubes with the Irix 150.

Add the AI-S 300 2.8 (still budget oriented as you can find the old ones quite cheap) and the 135 f2 DC.

Most of the time I go Ultralight. And if I can only bring one lens, I always stay with a prime: Tamron 35/1.8, AF-D 50 1.8 or the Samyang 24 1.4 depending of what I'm planning to shoot. And the Magnesit Copter tripod is always with me. I do not like bringing the computer while traveling so I bring some extra pairs of SD cards. When I'm finished shooting for the day, I like reviewing the photos on camera and delete with no mercy the ones that I do not really like.

Thanks for the article ... My advice for travelling is "Don't forget a multi plug" from home. It solves lot of problem at hotels, hostel and camp sides.
Very often I buy a local multi plug as well, because sometimes it's not possibly to connect to the power supply with an adapter, because they are to close to the floor or other issues are happened. As well specially at hostel or camp site there is no argue who can use the only plug in the room :-)

Thank you sir for this article and lovely photos. I always take ND filters and one thing for sure.....Nikon F2a. No batteries to worry about. Thank you again.

Nice article! And thank you for the camera bag info, it seems really sturdy and useful.
I love to travel and I always take my gear with me. After several years of travel, I now see this issue as two distinct moments. The first moment is traveling to the destination, usually by plane. At this stage I need a well-reinforced carry-on backpack, which can safely hold not only my photographic equipment, but also passports, cell phone, earplug, keys, money, jacket and even some snacks. Many pockets and easy access for good organization. I usually dispatch the tripod in one of the bags, as it is big and I won't need it inside the plane. The second moment occurs when I am already at the destination. We usually have breakfast at the hotel and go out to spend the whole day exploring. At this time I need a backpack that is light and versatile, that allows me to quickly access my camera, but that is also comfortable to use all day. So far I haven't found a backpack good enough for both moments. I'm using a Lowepro Fastpack 250 AW and I like the side access to the camera, but I can no longer fit all my equipment in it. Perhaps the ideal would be to have two different backpacks, one for each moment, but this would become another volume to carry on the trip, very inconvenient.