7 Tips Your Camera Manual Never Told You About Portrait Photography

7 Tips Your Camera Manual Never Told You About Portrait Photography

Many people will avoid picking up a camera because they think they don’t have an eye for photography. Contrary to popular belief, it doesn’t take talent to capture a solid portrait. It takes skill and the motivation necessary to master those skills. Portrait photography can be dealt with as an equation; with just a set of rules and guidelines, it’s possible to take jaw dropping, natural light portraits tomorrow. Here are seven steps to master portraits using natural light only.

 

Picking up a camera for the first time and pointing it at a subject can be quite overwhelming. Further, shooting for years and never finding satisfaction with the portraits captured can be frustrating. If the majority of the following steps are mastered, the results are guaranteed to turn people’s heads. The ambition necessary to master these rules will allow for a photographer to go above and beyond the person who is “born with the eye.”

 

1. EXPRESSION

People tend to forget that a portrait without a REAL expression does not connect to the viewer. Humankind wants to see genuine emotion and not a posed, cheesy smile. This is more important than location, light and expensive gear. Clients will more often than not choose the blurry images with bad compositions if it means those images are honest portrayals of themselves.

The first thing people look at is the connection the subject has with the camera. The only way to achieve that is to make the subject comfortable. A Vital Detail Often Ignored is an in depth guide on how to make a subject feel natural in front of the camera.

 

2. COMPOSITION

The purpose of properly composing images is to attract the viewer’s eye straight to the most important detail of the portrait—the subject’s face and more specifically, the eyes. This is where two important rules kick in: rule of thirds and depth.

It is scientifically proven that the eye is most attracted to four different points of an image. Sticking with these four points will help frame the subject in the most pleasing manner. Further, when taking photographs, it goes without say that the images produced will be 2-dimensional. To make it look 3-dimensional and to make the subject pop out of the frame, there must be depth in the composition.  An image’s foreground, middle ground and background are essential in achieving the necessary depth. This article on bokeh discusses this concept in depth.

 

3. LIGHT

The topic of light deserves it’s own article but to be concise, there are two important things to keep in mind. Just like artificial light is very directional, natural light needs to be this way too. It is for this reason that using window light is so popular.

Further, when shooting outdoors, consciousness of the direction of light is intrinsic. To achieve the best lighting, have the subject face the light source. For example, using the beam of light coming from the ends of the street in narrow alleys or the light coming from the large opening in storefronts or garages. The above image was taken miday in the door way of a bar. In the case of open fields, the light oftentimes comes from above head. In instances like that, tilting the subjects face slightly upward towards the light has proven to be affective.

The second rule is time of day. Although cliché and contrite, the golden hour is a real thing. Most importantly, it’s free and possibly the best quality light any photographer will ever use if used appropriately. An hour before sunset, the entire sky is one huge soft box. Harsh light that results from direct sunlight is very difficult to work with.

 

4. SETTINGS

 

It is very easy to get carried away with settings and gear. Oftentimes, the best advice is to take one lens and on camera body on a shoot. The less gear, the easier it is to concentrate on every other aspect. People are not interested in seeing a technically perfect portrait. They want to see a creative portrait.

Moreover, every DSLR has an aperture priority mode. This setting allows the photographer to choose the f-stop and iso, while the camera chooses the right shutter speed to expose the image properly. Why not let the camera do the extra homework, while the photographer focuses on more important details? Sometimes the camera will not do a good job in choosing the shutter speed, which can be easily overrided with the exposure compensation setting. This is easier and less time consuming than re-adjusting all the manual settings every time the location is switched.

 

5. LENS

 

Choosing the proper focal length is very important. The focal length has the potential to distort the subject’s head in one way or another. The longer the focal lengths, the more flattering it is for the subject and the shallower the DOF will be. Personally, I find that the 85mm on a full frame camera and the 50mm on a cropped sensor to be the optimal portrait lengths. Both are wide enough to capture the surrounding scenery with the appropriate distance and also with a few steps forward, they can achieve tighter portraits. Fixed prime lenses such as the 50mm or 85mm are fast lenses with wide apertures that will help shoot at wide settings. This is important when you want to melt away distracting backgrounds. My latest article expounds in great length on this point.

 

6. Complimenting Colors

When it comes to choosing clothing, backgrounds and even toning in Photoshop following the complimenting colors makes a huge difference.

Notice the complementing colors in the color wheel. Chose clothing that compliments the skin or the background colors of the location. This is make the subjects stand out. 

 

7. POSES

I’m not going to lie. Personally, when it comes to posing I have a very difficult time. Hand placement can make or break a photo. If it doesn’t look natural it stands out like a sore thumb. What I’ve found helpful is scrolling through images on 500px on my phone every night and taking screen shots of inspiring poses. On my shoots I whip out my phone and look through these screenshots for ideas. With time, your gun will be locked and loaded with hundreds of poses. Remember, it’s all about placing your subjects in the most flattering positions. Top 48 Photogaphers to Follow on 500px 

 

To conclude the above 7 steps are just topics to consider when taking portraits. Rules are meant to be broken. Consider these tips and you will walk away with solid portraits, but also let your own ideas and visions shine through.

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40 Comments

First comment... now I'm about this read this lol

Jessi Raymond's picture

haha

shotie blackmore's picture

love it dani cool as always ;)

Dani Diamond's picture

Thanks Shotie. Glad you found it helpful.

Jason Ranalli's picture

Posing is the hardest to me as well as directing a person/model. I like your suggestion of taking shots on the iPhone of stuff you like then pulling it out as you shoot.

Dani Diamond's picture

Yeup, always helped me!

Paulo Macedo's picture

Hah! Nice!! I just faved like 4 of this pics at 500px! Truth is, all of this is true, you must understand what you are getting into!
The color chart, amazing, i have it on a book, works great for landscape and also with portrait.
A cool tip, is to write, yeah actually write down your shots, imagine what would you do before you actualy do! You will feel more relaxed. Also, avoid speaking with the model while behind the camera, try your best and remember her name, it will be a lot helpful and the model will become more relaxed!
Amazing post here Dani, and amazing shots.

Dani Diamond's picture

Ive tried that in the past an it necer works for me. The photos I plan for never end up being my favorite shots.

albert radford's picture

Yeup he's got a solid 500px account to follow. Been following for over a year now.

Jessi Raymond's picture

Link anyone?

Dani Diamond's picture

Thanks guys here's the link Jessi - https://500px.com/Dani_Diamond

Filip Kowalkowski's picture

It's all cool and agree with most what's in text, but why everyone is avoiding simple fact that interesting subject makes all the difference. Having a beautiful model makes the world of the change, also good post production is a must....all combined make great image...

Dani Diamond's picture

Filip no one is denying those points. I shoot to edit. Regarding the subjects, humankind is a beautiful species, its all about knowing how to capture people in their most flatering angles.

He says it like it is.

Matt Owen's picture

Excellent article as always, and thank you for mentioning aperture priority and not insisting on full manual.

Dani Diamond's picture

I hate manual.

Roberto Inetti's picture

I agree with you. I shoot Manual all the time just because I'm very used to it, but I don't like when people try to force it to others as the only available/valid method.

Great article and awesome for teaching to Portrait photographers... or
-as my case- a newbie, trying to improve...
thank you Dani... ah! and the links wonderful also

Dani Diamond's picture

Sure my pleasure.

Thomas Bicknell's picture

I have a physical double-sided color wheel in my kit... because I am a mad man. But a mad man who can see in color...

albert radford's picture

I do the same!

Charles Gaudreault's picture

Like always Luv your article, like you said : It is very easy to get carried away and when i read your stuff it always bring me back on the ground! I also like that your not affraid to say that often you miss focus its ok and sometimes you have a hard time posing hands and stuff. Cause i often wonder am i the only one having this hard time. anyways thanks a lot :)

Dani Diamond's picture

I can't speak for everyone in my articles but I'm definitely going to say it like it is for me.

Great post Dani, love reading your articles, your work inspires me!

Dani Diamond's picture

Thanks Todd.

albert radford's picture

Pretty portraits.

Jessi Raymond's picture

Your work and articles are boss!

Great write up, love 3 &6

Rachel Burnett's picture

Thanks Dani for some awesome tips. I'm glad I'm not the only one who struggles with posing. Like you I do the same, but I use Pinterest.
I've often wondered what makes your images so captivating, besides the obvious natural light, shallow DoF...... I had never thought about the colour theory before and it makes perfect sense! When you have too much colour, sometimes it detracts from the image.
Thank again.

Dani, I like the title! no click bait there.
This is one of my favorite articles that you have done on Fstoppers. Good solid info.
I wish you would have thrown in a few "real people" portraits. Pretty girls tend to look pretty no matter how you shoot them.