How Different Focal Lengths Affect the Look of Your Portrait Subjects

You've probably heard before that you should not shoot portraits with a wide angle lens because it distorts the features in an unflattering manner, but there's more to that concept than just that advice. This great video will quickly clear up what is really happening when you change focal lengths.

Coming to you from David Bergman with Adorama TV, this helpful video will show you why you can actually shoot portraits with wider lenses without fearing major distortion if you put some thought into it. Bergman has a good way of thinking about it: consider the relative distance. Filling the frame with your subject when using a wide angle lens requires you to get very close, and as such, the relative distance between features is much more exaggerated than if you were standing at the required distance to fill the frame with something like an 85mm. On the same token, as you continue to use longer focal lengths and thus have to step farther back to keep your subject the same size in the frame, the relative distance between features shrinks, and thus, the features appear flatter. Check out the video above for a great demonstration and rundown of the concept. 

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5 Comments

Michael Jin's picture

This same topic. Again...

David Love's picture

Why would you ever want to be right in their face anyway. I shoot with a 70-200 for this reason and because people are shy and having you right in their personal space just makes them even more nervous.

David Pavlich's picture

Depends on what you want for a finished product. If you want a blurred background and a tight head shot, you pretty much have to go with a longer focal length. This video by Matt Granger using classic portrait lens focal lengths demonstrates this very well:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3S8ayxeBmek

In a pinch, just about any lens will do, but for someone that does a lot of portrait shooting, especially for pay, the focal length is very important.