You have probably heard of dodging and burning before, holdover terms from the film area that describe the process of making areas of an image lighter or darker to emphasize different parts. If you're interested in working with film and creating your own prints, this great tutorial will show you just how it's done.
Coming to you from Lina Bessonova, this helpful video tutorial will show you how to get started dodging and burning in the darkroom, including making your own materials and the proper technique to ensure the best-looking prints. The terms "dodging" and "burning" might sound a bit strange in a digital context as opposed to something like "lightening" and "darkening," but when you see their actual physical manifestations, they make perfect sense. Dodging decreases the exposure by blocking the light hitting the print, while burning increases the exposure (by blocking it from the rest of the print), making that area darker. Nonetheless, like any photographic technique, there are subtle nuances in both what you use and how you apply it, and since this isn't digital, where you can just hit the "undo" command, it's important to understand them well. Check out the video above for the full rundown.