Much has been made of the excellent color and files that come out of X-Trans sensors found in cameras such as Fujifilm’s X-T3 and X-H1, and there are plenty of people who rave about the images they make with these cameras. But can you tell the difference between X-trans and a conventional Bayer sensor?
Fujifilm also makes a series of lower-cost cameras that use Bayer sensors like you find in most other DSLRs. These include cameras such as the Fuji X-T100 and the X-A series of cameras. The website DCFever made a blind test of the X-Trans-based X-T20 and the Bayer-based X-T100 to see if users could really tell the difference (It’s probably a good idea to run the “translate” feature in Chrome is you’re not able to read Chinese). The folks over at Fuji Rumors talked about the differences they saw.
The primary difference between the types of sensors is the way the color filter is arrayed: whereas Bayer sensors feature a 2x2 pattern of pixels with larger areas of green, X-trans feature a 6x6 configuration. You can read more about the difference here on Fuji Rumors.
Many will say that this results in improved color science (though you can read why that term is a misnomer here), and others talk about how it can cause issues in certain types of photography, but on the whole, I haven’t seen major concrete differences in my few years of X-Trans shooting. I just know that I love what comes out of my X-T1.
Fuji’s marketing claims this eliminates the need for a low-pass filter to eliminate moiré and provides for more detail, but as this test shows, it’s sometimes hard to tell the difference. I’ve been a Fujifilm user since the X-100T and X-T1, and I wasn’t able to tell the difference easily. I got most of the test images wrong.
Were you able to tell the difference? Take the test and let us know in the comments below.