The Bokeh Factory - Character Uniqueness and More Bokeh

The Bokeh Factory - Character Uniqueness and More Bokeh

Everyone who knows me knows that I am obsessed with style and character of bokeh. I've had countless hours of discussion with friends in the industry regarding minute differences in the "look" of a certain lens. Today I want to share the most unique and comprehensive array of totally unique looks I've found.

I must admit, I've spent far too much time and energy trying to make this "special character" a signature look for me and to make me unique. Of course, gear doesn't make the photo and knowing that I still am in such awe of these types of things, and have owned many. 

My journeys to character bokeh have led me through all the reasonable options for DSLR, fast 85's, 135 f/2, 200 f/2 etc. all the way into digital medium format with Phase One. Sensor size affects the look, dof is different because of the framing being different for a same focal length lens. That in combination with my obsession with trying to be Joey L, led me to that decision. 

The Bokeh Factory - Palecwnosie is the very creative work of one man in Poland, and he modifies old lenses to fit modern cameras and create a unique look that just isn't possible with modern glass. Part of this is by design from the lens manufacturers always working to improve, some of the "flaws" in old glass design such as sharpness or coating to affect flare is what can give a lens such a unique look.

Sometimes "improving" isn't always better but there are tradeoffs. So for a working professional, one of these special lenses isn't likely to be good as your primary or only lens in a certain focal range. Since they're generally manual focus, you will have some missed shots that you would likely have had "sellable" with an AF lens. That being said, to have as an add on to your existing workflow, these can provide an incredible unique look which is very rewarding for those willing to take the time to get it in focus and use it right. For the ultra pixel peepers, these lenses also aren't for you, they aren't going to be Zeiss OTUS level sharp - that's not why we use them. We use them for the "feel" and character they can provide, mostly an analog type feel that is increasingly popular amid all the craze of over-retouched images that were the craze a few years ago, most people I have met are now leaning the other way as a result and missing the film characteristics and "realism" of the whole image.

With the medium format alone still not satisfying my thirst for bokeh, I found The Bokeh Factory - Palecwnosie and bought right away. After waiting not so impatiently, for the delivery truck each day I was like a little kid at Christmas to see the box arrive with Polish mail stamps on it, which I cut out and saved because I was literally that excited. I opened it up and took out my shiny Schneider Ultra-Cinelux 100/2 with the custom Phase/Mamiya mount. The Cinelux are a family of projector lenses made for movies working on 70mm film (IMAX) How cool is that? - It's fixed at f/2 and there is no stopping it down. Of course, why would you want to? You buy this lens to shoot wide open, so I don't see that as a negative since it's a purpose-lens and not intended for your every day general flexibility and work. You definitely win the on-set style award for this one!

Photo I shot with the Schneider Cinelux-Ultra 100/2 - Purchased from the Bokeh Factory

The Bokeh Factory offers many different mounts, some only work with certain cameras and others are more universal. He explains on his page about each. On his website, the navigation basically takes you to Facebook galleries for each lens with a description in the top of the gallery regarding what it fits, what it does and why he likes that specific vintage lens.

Some examples of the character offered by these amazing lenses he sells:

What I Like

  • Many options for different looks.
  • Gallery of samples for each lens that really gives a feel for what it'll do. Big name manufacturers don't even do a good job of this on modern lenses, most of the sample images I see might look good, but don't really speak a lot about anything unique to that specific lens, usually they are too generic.
  • Excellent customer service and quick product delivery, especially considering it's coming from another country (for most of us)

What I Don't Like

  • Manual Focus
  • Sharpness isn't always what we expect from a modern camera/sensor
  • Flaring/CA - Although those characteristics aren't necessarily a negative, they can be used in a way that it's a positive.

There's not much to dislike, really just manual focus and image sharpness are your drawbacks to some of these lenses. But when used properly, it's not really too big of a negative.

I've been using this type of thing for so long now and my primary workhorse is a Zeiss 85, the manual focus doesn't bother me anymore. I'll admit it took some getting used to, but I believe it makes one a better photographer. Making you think about what you are doing, rather than just hitting a button for AF while you are on autopilot during a shoot.

Options For Precise Manual Focusing

If you are serious about using a manual focus lens in today's workflow, there are options.

With Nikon/Canon, you have Live View with zoom. This is a tremendous help to aid in achieving perfect focus. But it's very slow, especially on Nikon for example, where if you use live view, then zoom, say 3 or 4 x in... then pan around the image to find the eyes, dial in focus, and take the shot. Problem is for the next shot, the zoom is reset and starts all over again. It's a very slow process and doesn't work very well in bright light outside either, it's difficult to see the screen that well when your eyes are adjusted to the bright sun.

Mirrorless cameras offer focus peaking. This is a tremendously cool way to see on your viewfinder quickly what's in focus, and many believe a very fast and efficient way to accomplish this. Eyepiece magnifiers help a little bit, but in my opinion aren't enough to really nail perfect focus for 85mm at 1.4 on a half body shot for example. There is a big difference in focus on eye lashes and eye ball at certain distances... and in the small eyepiece, it's very difficult to tell the difference.

Another option is to borrow some technology from video production and use an external monitor, such as the Feelworld FW-760. This can offer several things all at once. The obvious being a larger screen, so you can precisely see what you are focusing on without the need to zoom each time. Focus peaking is available on this particular model as well as some other useful features like exposure zebra stripes, etc. Sure you're going to have a big device now hanging off your tripod, or some other mount. But you can achieve perfect focus every time this way. Even autofocus is not 100%, there's something to be said for this.


I really think everyone needs to experience and learn to use a lens such as one of these at some point, just to really stretch out your creativity, forget about being all caught up in the pixel-peeping technical aspects of it all, go shoot! Make something unique and pretty.

You can learn more about what The Bokeh Factory has to offer at their website.

Bill Larkin's picture

Bill is an automotive and fashion inspired photographer in Reno, NV. Bill specializes in photography workflow and website optimization, with an extensive background in design and programming.

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So, what are the costs of some of these lenses?

You'll have to ask the creator (Tom) about your specific lens+camera combination, since some of the mods aren't listed on the site and some of them vary in difficulty if you want to adapt them to some systems. Often the lenses are expensive since they just are expensive, like a Contax 645 Planar 80/2.0 or the Schneider projection lenses mentioned above, a lot of those lenses are unique and the market sets high price points for them. I had a couple lenses from Tom and was always amazed by his craftsmanship, and I lived in Poland, which has a very poor currency :D If you're from a country with a strong currency (USA/CAN/AUS/UK/GER/Scandinavia), I think the prices will always be reasonable :)

Thank you Kornel. They look very interesting.

You should have spent more time composing, or editing, the first photo. The shadow area to her immediate left is a bit...distracting.

I need one! I started spending hours creating similar effects in photoshop, rough!

You reminded me of an interesting phenomenon. The biggest (most viewers per month) photography site in Poland is one that exclusively talks about gear, tests, resolution charts and stuff like that, people gathered in the community there are mostly in awe of the newest technology, the more MTF scores, the less vignetting, the higher the contrast - the better. Almost none of them is involved in portraits or 'artsy' photography of any kind. They often say about old lenses "if you like that soft look, you can smear some vaseline on the front element and you're good to go", or "if you like that swirly bokeh shit, why don't you just remove a couple of elements from the lens and you'll have the look of a triplet", or "you can add that type of bokeh in Photoshop for free, why spend money on obsolete mouldy lenses?" In Poland they actually created a word that translates loosely to "old-shitty-mouldy-lens". And I was like - why would you want to fake it in post, if you can create some amazing bokehliciousness in camera? Some of those lenses, if you can tilt/swing them, can make otherworldly images, combine that with shooting on film and very little postproduction, it makes you experience the creative process much differently than if you were to add everything in post. It's much different to be a combination of photographer+painter, than an editor+graphic artist+a bit of photographer... But well, that's just my opinion, I haven't yet met many people that share it :D

Maybe the guy from Lincoln, KS, can now buy his 29th lens...

I think you meant "can now buy his 29th, 30th, 31st, 32nd (...)" :D

Manual focus is not that bad. Although the focusing screen on my Canon 5D III is not interchangeable like my Canon New F-1. The 5D also doesn't have a split-image/rangefinder type focusing screen which helps; but I have had on occasion, needed to turn off auto-focus on my 5D.

That's why I still argue that Sony A7 series is the best choice if someone wants to have manual focus lenses :D And of course, if you shoot medium format, many cameras have split screens by default. I know at least some bokeh factory mods for DSLRs include a chip for focus confirmation, dunno if all of them do.

Great post - and great image!!

Thanks so much Scott