How to Actually Improve Your Photography

In this article I'll share five tips on how I actually improved my photography. Here I'm not talking technicalities such as sharper images, shallow depth of field, using a tripod, or removing your lens cap.

If you want to improve your photography beyond the craft with the camera itself, you have to work for it and you might have to change the way you think about it. The following five tips helped me to develop my artistic skills more than my technical.

Editing Is OK

The first tip is to enjoy the editing part. As much as many photographers these days say, “shoot more”, “edit less”, and “wouldn’t you rather spend your time photographing than editing”? You have to learn some proper editing techniques. Editing is absolutely essential to digital photography as the work in the darkroom is to the analogue photographers. Those people thinking a photo straight out of the camera and un-edited is somehow better, truer, or whatever excuse they can find to not edit their photos, are cheating themselves. Even the best photojournalists apply some kind of post-processing to enhance the story.

What you shoot is a digital file; it’s a digital negative. It’s light absorbed on a sensor, which the nice guys at your favorite camera brand have managed to put into a digital file, which is shown as an image on your monitor. It’s data manifested as an image, that’s it. If you’re shooting JPGs the picture profile you’re using has been calibrated from the factory to treat that data in a certain way. No matter how you approach that file, some processing has been applied, which has been decided by humans working in these factories. You cannot avoid some kind of post-processing because it’s a fundamental part of digital photography.

Taking a photo in raw you have all the data available, which the camera caught. But, just as a painter choose with what and how he paints his canvas, it’s your job as a photographer to decide what colors and tones you want to emphasize, as to tell the story you want to tell. The effects, colors, and tones used can differ from photographer to photographer, style to style, and field to field. Some prefer to only do minor retouching, some apply black and white, and some again make major edits. Some try to make an edit, which is close to what he or she saw in the moment, while other photographers have different goals. None of these techniques or goals are more right or wrong than others. It is all about working with intention, which I’ll come back to later. Editing is a part of the digital photographic process, period.

As you progress through the craft you might work in a team where someone else edits your photo or you might have dialed in the settings you want in your picture profile, but some sort of editing is happening. It’s just a part of the process nothing more, nothing less. Learn to edit as to deliver your message and fulfill your vision and you might as well enjoy it. Because when you enjoy it you also try out more things and then you evolve!

Get Your Photos Critiqued

The second tip is to get in touch with other photographers who can criticize your work. Or even better, get in to review groups with photographers who preferably are better than you. I’d also say aim for a good diversity in the members. The members do not all necessarily have to be landscape photographers if you are, but make sure they’ve got something to say and know what they’re doing. Most importantly, be grateful for the criticism! People might not be right in their critique and they might not understand your vision (if you've got one), but in 99 percent of the cases, they are right.

You can make group chats on Instagram or Facebook groups, among other methods. How you go about it is up to you, but I’d suggest keeping the groups tight with a max of 10 people who you want to work with.

Photography Is a Subject

Tip number three is to realize that photography is a subject like any other, with a lot of theoretical information available. Whether it’s math, chemistry, language, music, painting, sports, or any other school subject, there’s a theoretical level and a practical level, which work together and influence each other. Photography is not just about going out shooting. In that case, it becomes happy triggering without thought or goal. That in itself is not a bad thing and can work therapeutic, but for improving your craft I’d say don’t just go and shoot; study art. More than just on YouTube. YouTube is a good start but study classic art — read a book on the subject. If the famous artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, Raffaello Santi, Rembrandt, Dali, Van Gogh, Monet, or Picasso knew how much focus the rule of thirds get in photography they’d scream out in horror and disbelief! Do you think Michelangelo used the rule of thirds to paint the ceiling of The Sistine Chapel? Of course not!

A couple of directions I can point you in when it comes to digging beyond the rules of thirds is Gestalt Theory, which is a psychological theory for visual perception.

There is also Dynamic symmetry, which is a complex tool and method for composition based on Gestalt Theory. You probably know about it from the work of the famous photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson. If you want to see what I mean, check out this video by Tavis Leaf Glover.

Thirdly, there is of course Color Theory.

Shoot With Intention

My fourth tip is to photograph with intention. Tell a story, display a feeling, use the artistic tools to guide, stimulate, and touch the viewer — just do something which is not just “pretty”. Guy Tal has some excellent blogs on his work, be sure to check them out.

Here are a few of my photos which hopefully is more than just a "click":

Study Beyond Photography

The last tip I want to share is to get smarter and search for knowledge in other artistic fields. Going to this meta-level where you’ll learn what makes an artist an artist, what goes beyond or actually before photography as a craft. The past year or so I’ve really enjoyed watching YouTube videos on screenwriting, which obviously hones my skills as a vlogger/video maker, but most importantly I’ve observed a change in the way I think about my landscape photography. How filmmaking and photography are so much alike in terms of using or misusing certain effects to tell a story, translating a feeling, or delivering a message. Some of my favorite channels in no particular order on this subject are The Closer LookJust WriteNerdwriter, and Wisecrack.

You, of course, don’t need specifically to study screenwriting, but you could also watch a lot Bob Ross videos on oil painting… or maybe something on music writing. Who knows what you’ll learn and what you can apply to your photography.

So, there are my five tips. Enjoy editing, constructive criticism, study art, photograph with intention and study other artistic crafts. I hope they have given you some direction, and of course I'd love to hear one or more examples from you. What helped you develop as a photographer beyond the technical stuff?

Mads Peter Iversen's picture

Danish Fine Art Landscape Photographer and YouTuber. He is taking photos all over the world but the main focus is the cold, rough, northern part of Europe. His style is somewhere in between dramatic and colorful fantasy and Scandinavian minimalism. Be sure to check out his YouTube channel for epic landscape photography videos from around the world.

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Gasp! I can't believe you edit your photos Mads! That's when I stopped reading. Cannot believe you edit your photos, all lies!

Haha! Yeah I know it's outrageous 🤣

Thank you for this post. It is very useful guidance and I believe in each of your points. I come not from an artistic background but an engineering one. As I try to improve my photography I find the technical aspects to be intriguing, but the message of an image must come from the artistic expression of the photographer.
Not only is artistic knowledge a necessity for any photographer, but I believe you must also have a tremendous amount of curiosity of the world and desire for knowledge in multitudes of fields.

I'm very happy to hear that, Peter. I completely agree with your last statement. I'm super happy about my knowledge in the more academic disciplines such as Astronomy and Philosophy.

I think that curiosity and engineering go hand in hand. Well, in my case it was curiosity about how the world works that led to my engineering background.

That same curiosity was also directed towards nature and wildlife, which eventually sparked my interest in photography.

I think that curiosity is one of the most important traits of a photographer and that indulging that curiosity (examining other's work, having yours critiqued, studying other arts) is a key practice if one wishes to improve their work.

I think you're completely right. Curiosity sparks that motivation to go in a certain direction, no matter the subject curiosity is super important.

Another great article Mads! :)

Thanks a lot, Mikkel :)

Hvalneskirkja <3

Yes! :D Do you have a photo of that in your portfolio?

Really helpful and inspiring article Mads!!

Thanks a lot, Aritz! :)

Great Article - will be using some of these tips moving forwards.

Good to hear, Russell :)

The one thing I would add, is practice. A lot of practice.

Yes I agree, practice makes perfect (not that there exists perfect photography)

Practice does not make perfect. Only perfect practice makes perfect.

Great Article. Thank you for sharing your vision and thoughts. I love to travel and read lots of travel sites as my muse to help me think how different the world and how people see the world through their eyes and how the shot can be viewed differently by so many people.

That's also a very cool idea to expand your understanding of people and photography. Great input! :)

Awesome article and video mate! Thanks for that

You're very welcome my friend :)

Another must read! It is very inspireing to see your before and after images. Awesome to see that you edit your photo with a clear goal in mind and that your edit selectively to enhance your vision :)

Thanks a lot, Hans! Means a lot considering you're doing the exact same and you rock at it!

Mads, you speak out from the bottom of my heart. It is so spot on. That’s why I love sharing thoughts with you on shots from time to time. You have a vision and a dedication that is truly inspiring! And your critique has always something special to me. Keep going, buddy! Great article and a pure joy to have you on here!!

Thank you so much, Kai! I'm so happy to hear that and thank you for your thoughts too. You're exploding in your creative endeavors! :)

Loved the before and after pics, great article : )

Thanks a lot Paul! I love that feature of the blogs. So cool to see the photos like that :)

This was a fantastic read! More of this please Mads!

Thank you, Max! Alrighty I'll make some more ;)

You mean I'm being lied too when someone says "straight out of camera"? :P

That last picture of yours (fellow standing on the cliff), which is excellent by the way, because of the proximity of the birds to you versus the guy on the cliff...make the birds look massive, like pterodactyl's! It's kind of neat when you notice it :P (Either that or they have really BIG sea gulls in Europe).

Haha true, the perspective does influence the size ;)
I wouldn't say you're being lied to unless it's edited by someone after it's photographed. But it does make the whole "SOOC" hard - especially based on how your editing software interprets the file.

I read the article with pleasure. As a novice photographer, I’m wondering which camera to use. My choice was between the Canon 800D and the Canon 77D. Is there a significant difference? I was invited to the office to photograph their workflow. This is my first photo session and I am very nervous. I hope for your answer about the camera!

Hi Sharon. I don't think there are any signicant differances between those to cameras regarding the job you're supposed to do.

I just got into photography and I've been enjoying trying to master some of the challenges provided on this fun site called Gurushots. Check it out at and add me as a friend! My username is soul.craft  ...add me on insta too at the same username!