How I Shot This With Hard Lighting

How I Shot This With Hard Lighting

Lighting can be a major pain in the ass and that is especially the case if you're not a technical person, like me. After picking up the camera 7 years ago I am still constantly learning about the many different aspects of lighting.

One thing I have definitely learned is that when it works well, it can work really well. What else have I learned in that time? That on the other hand it can be so much trouble! 

I hope my "How I Shot This" series will be of help to you as I would have loved to have access to a more detailed set of information when I started in photography. So with that said, I'll do my best to share as much information as I can! What is the point of experience if you can't share it? Lets do this!   

This was a test shoot done a while back with a model from one of Singapore's top modeling agencies. I really wanted to shoot it with just hard lighting. Hard lighting comes with its own set of difficulties, the main one being that it is not very forgiving. As we all know, unforgiving light can bring out all the blemishes and flaws of the model. Pro Tip: Find gorgeous and perfect models that have no flaws! These humans exist, right? Right?! (Sometimes. I've seen them. They're hard for the ego.)
On the other hand, apart from it's unforgiving nature, hard lighting also can give a very interesting dramatic quality to an image. 


Another reason I wanted to do this shoot was because I wanted to make my cat a star and let me tell you... he IS a star! 

Reference Images

It's important to always walk into a shoot with at least an idea of what you want. Sometimes you get it, and sometimes you go with the flow and get something even better. Still, always be prepared! Your team can't read your mind and need a visual reference for what you're going for.

For me, I always go to a shoot prepared with a set of reference images and this one was no different. These are the set I collected for this shoot ranging between lighting, mood and poses. I feel like we captured what I was after and as always I'm grateful to the crew I was working with to bring it all together. 



Equipment List

The above gear is what I basically always have in my camera bag. Other than that, the lighting equipment was from the studio. Honestly, I would have just stuck with the 85mm the whole way through if I could but I had to adjust due to the limited studio size we were working with that day. The studio length just wasn't long enough for me to capture a full body shot with a 85mm. Even with the 35mm, my back was against the wall. 

Lighting Setup

For this shoot, I knew that I wanted her to be lit with a little drama while having the image clean against a white background. Check out the below lighting diagram to see how I envisioned this whole thing working. 

I used a total of 3 lights for this setup. For the main light, this was done with one beauty dish from the front, top down. One light was placed on each side of the model to light the background. One black flag was placed in between the background light and model on both sides so the background light wouldn't hit th model and they also help create more shadows on the sides of the model for added drama.

Check out the below image with strategically drawn red circles for visual aid! 

As I mentioned above, I'm not a very technical person, so I unfortunately don't have the power settings for you. After base-lining my lighting settings at the start, I  just turn knobs until I get what I want. Turn a little this way, turn a little that way... until it looks right to your eye.

What I learnt on this shoot was that this lighting can be quite difficult when the model has a very small area to work with. The amount of space she can move within, while still having the beauty dish hit her face in optimal lighting is not very large, so this is something to pay attention to. I had to remind myself to keep checking my tethered images to make sure that even while she was moving, she was still lit up well.

Camera settings : ISO 100, f/8, 1/160s

Post Processing

When I first started photography and scoured the internet for lighting diagrams and behind the scenes, I used to wonder why there was such a huge difference between what I shot from my camera and what I see from my references. I was never able to get anywhere near the feel and mood of the reference images, even though I followed the lighting diagram as closely as I could. Of course there were times where it was just figuring out how to finesse the light, but sometimes it's also learning what Photoshop and the many other image editing tools out there have to offer (I use Capture One and Photoshop.) It took me years to learn the magic of color grading and proper skin retouching techniques. I'm not going to touch on that right now as there are experts with better explanations out there. Here's the before and after of my Photoshop work so you can see how it looks straight out of camera, compared to my finished version!

Note that this model already came with fairly good skin. If her skin was not great, under this sort of lighting all her flaws and blemishes would appear which would mean a lot of post production time. Mainly for her skin, I used the clone tool and then dodge and burn to retain texture. I also brightened up the background to give the image as clean a look as possible!


(For this shot, I had to pull up shadows in Capture One for the lower part of her body as the light from the beauty dish didn't reach that far)

Closing

I really hope this has been helpful to you! If you have any other questions, please let me know in the comments and I'll try to be as transparent as possible. In the future I will take more BTS images and to write down settings even though if you ask me, "turn a little this way, turn a little that way" should still be your guiding principle!
Do experiments with this and make your own changes, I would love to see what you come up with!

Photographer: Shavonne Wong (@zhiffyphotography)
Stylist: Angela (@angela_wk)
Model: Lin Li/ Ave Management (@lilithyll)
Makeup: Michelle (@official_michmakeover)
Hair: Yuhui Aw (@yuhui_aw)

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48 Comments

John MacLean's picture

I'd hardly call a beauty dish at that distance hard light!

Shavonne Wong's picture

Hey John! Personally, I do think there is a range of what falls under "hard light" and vice versa for "soft light" but perhaps this is not the best example of hard lighting as it toes the line a little.
Thank you for your comment anyway!

Alex Cooke's picture

The green dress shot is killer! Great work, Shavonne!

Konrad Sarnowski's picture

Really good work, but calling it hard light? ;) I was barely satisfied with hardness on this one, and it was barebulb at 4 meters ;) https://fstoppers.com/photo/170659

Shavonne Wong's picture

Lovely shot!
Haha I guess to me, just because it wasn't the hardest possible light ever didn't make it .. not.. hard light. But feedback received!

Jay Jay's picture

That above photo from Konrad shot with a bare bulb, is exactly what i think of when hard light is mentioned- it definitely has the look of it, as if this was shot in bright sunlight. Using a beauty dish is not, nor what i'd ever consider, hard lighting. Specular, sure, hard, no, though on yours, i guess it could be, considering the model has heavy hotspots on her forehead and below her eyes on your 3 photos?

Shavonne Wong's picture

Well it does depend on how a modifier is used. A softbox could be used as hard lighting as long as it's far enough. If the ceiling was higher, I would have also moved the beauty dish higher to get a harder light.

Konrad Sarnowski's picture

In the end it all come to individual point of reference ;-)

PS. Love those shots with the cat - in the past we had a very specific cat and everyone wanted a photo with him :-P

Piotr Maksymowicz's picture

I love it, nice job Konrad!

Alex Wolf's picture

Hey Konrad, your work is super solid.

John MacLean's picture

THAT is hard light!

Rex Larsen's picture

Nice feature. Thanks, Shavonne.

Tom Lew's picture

Did you shoot with the intention of making a pure white background? I think it would have looked better if you lit it that way to begin with.

Shavonne Wong's picture

To be honest, I just wanted a light background. I brightened it after playing around in post but even then I don't think it's pure white still.
Appreciate your thoughts anyway!

Walid Azami's picture

You did a great job! I would also call a beauty dish hard/harder light. People love to complain and look at the negative - it reflects more on them than your work. You went through all this detail to pass knowledge and people look for ways to undermine your skills. Your explanation was great and appreciated, and I doubt any of them would be brave enough to correct your work if it was in person.

Shavonne Wong's picture

Aw, thank you Walid! Really appreciate this (:

Walid Azami's picture

You're welcome! Can you imagine how much more successful we'd be if people said thank you for the information, incorporated what they loved and adapted what didn't fit their aesthetic instead of finding ways to correct the work?

Shavonne Wong's picture

Haha yeah everybody will share information! It'll be great! :D

John MacLean's picture

Walid, I never said I didn’t like the images. They’re fine, but as a technical information site, having accurate title descriptions or not reflects more on the site editors and owners than any commenters questioning it! And I’d have no issues telling anyone in person either.

David T's picture

The shoot with the green dress looks great. Conveys a lot of confidence.
Just to nitpick: The backlighting is flattering for her legs, but her hairline looks funky. Maybe use more hair spray? Less power? Diffusor?

And the dress is a bit wrinkled at the bottom :D

Shavonne Wong's picture

Heh good point, will take note! Also, thanks for the compliments (:

Jenny Edwards's picture

Great article, and fantastic images!

Shavonne Wong's picture

Thank you Jenny!!

Some purists following the book may ask you to lower BD to have at least some catchlights ;)

Shavonne Wong's picture

Haha and I wouldn't be surprised if someone said it! To be honest, it was choose to light the way I want or compromise for catchlights. Of course, I could have added catchlights in post too but eh! Hahah.

Love the shot in the green outfit

Hoorakhsh Pb's picture

very useful article.

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